Steps to build the linux kernel in a docker container and install it on the host. This is done so that it does not mess up the packages installed on the host.

Setup a container

Build the image linux-build-vm based on this Dockerfile.

FROM debian

RUN apt-get update
RUN apt-get install -y \
        bc \
        bison \
        build-essential \
        cpio \
        flex \
        libelf-dev \
        libncurses-dev \
        libssl-dev \
        git \ 
        fakeroot \ 
        build-essential \
        ncurses-dev \
        xz-utils \
        libssl-dev \ 
        bc  \
        flex \
        libelf-dev \
        openssl \
        zstd \

RUN mkdir /linux-src
CMD ["bash"]
host> docker build . -t linux-build-vm

Get the code on the host

host> cd ~
host> wget
host> tar xvf linux-6.0.7.tar.xz

Start the container

Share the linux src directory on the host with the container.

host> cd linux-6.0.7
host> sudo cp /boot/config-5.15.0-56-generic .config
host> docker run --rm -it -v `pwd`:/linux-src linux-build-vm
docker> cd /linux-src
docker> make menuconfig
docker> make bzImage

Back On the host

host> cd ~/linux-src
host> sudo make install